chiasmus vs antimetabole

“You stood up for America, now America must stand up for you.” "With mind on my money and money on my mind." Mae West, in Every Day’s a Holiday (1937), I am a marvellous housekeeper. You can leave a response, or trackback from your own site. For instance, Havelock Ellis’s famous quote, “Charm is a woman’s strength, strength is a man’s charm,” is an example of chiasmus only. Quick question about Synchesis vs Chiasmus I don't usually have a hard time grasping rhetorical devices, but one specific example on a practice NLE I took left me scratching my head. The Difference between a Chiasmus & an Antimetabole The following is a technical explanation, concerning rhetorical devices, on the difference between an ordinary chiasmus, and an antimetabole. Judy Joice. I became interested in this figure of speech after reading Never Let a Fool Kiss You or a Kiss Fool You by Mardy Grothe, a retired psychologist, management consultant, and platform speaker, who has also written a number of books about language such as Oxymoronica: Paradoxical Wit & Wisdom From History’s Greatest Wordsmiths, Viva la Repartee: Clever Comebacks & Witty Retorts From History’s Great Wits & Wordsmiths and I Never Metaphor I Didn’t Like. But I dream things that never were; and I say 'Why not? Chiasmus is different from antimetabole. – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 3d0281-MThiN Love is what makes you keep wanting to be with each other, even when you have no desire to do it.” Changing the wording puts this verse in the chiastic category. Antimetabole by definition features the reuse of words in the first and second halves of a sentence. *This cannot possibly be correct John Wilmot, second Earl of. In a very real sense, it is the other way round. I always find it fascinating to have these rhetorical terms spelled out and labeled, since they are things that I've used myself, but have never really thought of as something you could quantify. Malcolm X (Didn’t Cole Porter use this line in Anything Goes? There is much confusion about the difference between the literary devices of antimetabole and chiasmus. a verbal pattern in which the second half of an expression is balanced against the first with the parts reversed. Antithesis and chiasmus require careful punctuation and delivery. As nouns the difference between chiasmus and antimetabole is that chiasmus is (rhetoric) an inversion of the relationship between the elements of phrases while antimetabole is (rhetoric) the technique of reversal, where accentuated by reversal of words, actions or grammatical structure. I don't know if he had a speech writer who came up with that particular chiasmus but it was very clever and pertinent. Antimetabole is tricky to use: it can be moving, memorable, and persuasive, but it can also feel trite and predictable if used poorly. The humorous phrase “I’d rather have a bottle in front of me than a frontal lobotomy,” is chiastic only. Chris Addison, It is better to be looked over than overlooked. She's also been known to make unspoken antimetaboles, although I don't know if that counts. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Here, the meanings in the two clauses are opposite, but the grammatical structure and the wording are different, meaning it cannot be an example of antimetabole. Antimetabole appears in a wide variety of contexts, from jokes and idioms to political speeches and literature. Antimetabole is very similar to chiasmus, but the words and grammatical structure must be reversed, since simply reversing the meaning is not enough. Pat DuPre, on Wimbledon weather, Greater love hath no man than this, that he lay down his friends for his life. Some rhetorical glossaries distinguish between chiasmus (diagonal arrangement of ideas and grammar) and antimetabole (diagonal arrangement of exact words). Anadiplosis is closely related to two other literary devices: Chiasmus and Antimetabole. Knowing this, scholars may discover that all instances of antimetabole are also chiasmus, but the reverse is not always true. They say the movies should be more like life. Here, the meanings in the two clauses are opposite, but the grammatical structure and the wording are different, meaning it cannot be an example of antimetabole. The Roman rhetorician Quintilian identified antimetabole as a type of antithesis. Scholars usually save antimetabole for shorter phrases like “Home is where the great are small and the small are great.” Both devices are used to great effect in older works, such as the King James Bible, Shakespeare’s plays, and Alexander Pope’s poetry. Antimetabole is very similar to chiasmus, but the words and grammatical structure must be reversed, since simply reversing the meaning is not enough. Many scholars view this device as a subcategory of chiasmus because its rules are stricter and very closely defined. As nouns the difference between chiasmus and antimetabole 2. Chi is the basis for the name literary chiastic structure and the name of chiasmus. An antimetabole is the repetition of words in consecutive clauses but in an inverted or transposed order. The specific phrase was "spectra per Ionias fracta aquas" and the question was which rhetorical device was used. Knowing this, scholars may discover that all instances of antimetabole are also chiasmus, but the reverse is not always true. Judith Vorst gives a good example in her short poem: “Lust is what makes you keep wanting to do it, even when you have no desire to be with each other. America did not invent human rights. Chiasmus derives from the Greek for \"a placing crosswise, diagonal arrangement.\" ( Log Out /  3 Recurrent Rhetorical Devices: Uses and Examples | Crave to know, Last post of the season and my summer reading, The story behind the song #3: Cortez the killer, My favourite rhetorical devices #1 Chiasmus & Antimetabole. This is because the classical definition of chiasmus in rhetoric that has since become more generalized. John Wilmot, Earl of Rochester*, It’s always the same. Knowing this, scholars may discover that all instances of antimetabole are also chiasmus, but the reverse is not always true. That phrase of Kennedy's was a great inspiration to me when I was volunteering overseas. Scholars generally know that chiasmus occurs when a phrase is repeated, but reversed, to make a point or emphasize an action. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Chiastic structure can also be used to reverse entire poems because its definitions and rules are so loose. One example is Mae West’s catchphrase, “It’s not the men in my life, it’s the life in my men.” Here, the exact same words, grammatical structure, and rhythm are used create the second clause with the opposite meaning. Chiasmus is a literary or rhetorical device used for spicing up language, and making it more interesting. Antimetabole is very similar to chiasmus, but the words and grammatical structure must be reversed, since simply reversing the meaning is not enough. I mean everyone has used those phrases, like "I say what I mean and I mean what I say". Antimetabole is a literary and rhetorical device in which a phrase or sentence is repeated, but in reverse order.. Chiasmus does not feature repeating words; rather it involves two phrases, where the second phrase is merely a conceptual inversion of the first one. This quote sound like it comes from the 20th century at the earliest. Myrna Loy, I’d rather have a bottle in front of me than a frontal lobotomy. Many literary scholars use these terms interchangeably, though each term refers to a different literary device. Antimetabole comes from the Greek phrase, "turning about in the opposite direction." A good ad should be like a good sermon; it must not only comfort the afflicted, it also must afflict the comfortable. For example:Antimetabole examples resemble chiasmus, as they are marked by the inversion of structure. Bernice Fitzgibbons was the director of advertising at Macy’s department store in New York City. 1. Dr. Samuel Johnson to an aspiring writer, This is about principled compromise, not compromised principles. Jeremy Thorpe, after Harold Macmillan fired seven members of his cabinet in 1962. Here’s a quick and simple definition:Some additional key details about antimetabole: 1. Chiasmus is closely related to the literary device antimetabole. ), It’s probably better to have him inside the tent pissing out, than outside the tent pissing in. For instance, Havelock Ellis’s famous quote, “Charm is a woman’s strength, strength is a man’s charm,” is an example of chiasmus only. It is a form of chiasmus, and the word comes from the Latin anti, which means "against" or "opposite," and metabole, which translates to "turn around" or "about." … \"You see things; you say, 'Why?' Disagreement exists over whether commas, periods, semi-colons or colons should punctuate the figures. Winston Churchill, The right to bear arms is slightly less ridiculous than the right to arm bears. @Iluviaporos - My favorite of these kinds of sayings come from Dorothy Parker who was a genius when it came to pithy sayings. Chiasmus and antimetabole are very similar rhetorical devices, but the two words are not synonyms. I believe she might have been the one who said that about the frontal lobotomy. Who Said That? Every time I leave a man, I keep his house. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed. Antimetabole examples resemble chiasmus, as they are marked by the inversion of the structure. Dorothy Parker, Many a man owes his success to his first wife and his second wife to his success. Rochester was a famous 17th poet and author of Signor Dildo. \"Divine compassion visibly appeerd [sic… “If you can’t be with the one you love, love the one you’re with.” Stephen Stills sang this line in 1970 and it is an example of a rhetorical device known as Chiasmus. 3. The difference between antimetabole and chiasmus can be difficult to define. Here, the exact same words, grammatical structure, and rhythm are used create the second clause with the opposite meaning. A Chiasmus is different from antimetabole. Or they've read them and maybe thought they were clever without knowing what they were called. Wikibuy Review: A Free Tool That Saves You Time and Money, 15 Creative Ways to Save Money That Actually Work. It is related to, and sometimes considered a special case of, chiasmus. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. John Hume, on Ireland’s 1998 Good Friday peace accord, I always say, keep a diary and someday it’ll keep you. An antimetabole is the repetition of words in consecutive clauses, but in an inverted or transposed order. Learn how your comment data is processed. The definition of chiasmus is a clause that is inversely repeated. refers to a grammatical structure that inverts a previous phrase Richard Lederer, This isn’t a bar for writers with a drinking problem; it’s for drinkers with a writing problem. Semi-colons are probably safer, but commas may be preferred for separating short clauses. The only requirement of a chiastic phrase is that the two clauses within the sentence must have opposite meanings. So, a latter phrase might be a much longer elaboration of the preceding phrase that it echoes. 2. On Chiasmus and Antimetabole All our sources agree that while antimetabole is an inversion of repeated words in successive clauses, chiasmus is an inversion of parallel grammatical structures only. Writers or speakers use antimetabole for effect-calling attention to the words, or demonstrating that reality is not always what it seems by using the reversal of words. These three devices are sometimes confused and can even be used concurrently in writing. If you are not familiar with this structure, I found this piece online explaining the difference between chiasmus and antimetabole, a closely related literary device: Many literary scholars use these terms interchangeably, though each term refers to a different literary device. One lasting example of this is John F. Kennedy’s famous phrase “Ask not what your country can do for you, but what you can do for your country.”. In examples of chiasmus, however, the words and phrases are not repeated. Chiasmus and antimetabole are very similar rhetorical devices, but the two words are not synonyms. Lyndon B. Johnson, on J. Edgar Hoover, Your manuscript is both good and original; but the part that is good is not original, and the part that is original is not good. Sometimes I almost wish I didn't know what all these terms were because I think it makes it more difficult to relax and enjoy a bit of writing. Antimetabole is defined as a literary device that reverses the word order in a phrase to juxtapose the meaning. Antimetabole by definition features the reuse of words in the first and second halves of a sentence. Chiasmus is related to the figure of speech antimetabole. In examples of chiasmus, however, the … ( Log Out /  Chiasmus: inversion in the second of two parallel phrases (e.g. […] Martin Oliva said it best on his blog: […]. Chiasmus is an ancient literary device, as old as Hebrew scripture and ancient Greek verse. In the stricter definition (which separates chiasmus from antimetabole), chiasmus is used to describe an ABBA structure, composed of grammatical or semantic elements, but not consisting of an inversion of the same words between clauses. Antimetabole is very similar to chiasmus, but the words and grammatical structure must be reversed, since simply reversing the meaning is not enough. What Are the Different Uses for Chiasmus. Jim Backus, We didn’t land on Plymouth Rock, Plymouth Rock landed on us. "You Change ). In rhetoric, antimetabole is the repetition of words in successive clauses, but in transposed order; for example, "I know what I like, and I like what I know". In rhetoric, antimetabole is the repetition of words in successive clauses, but in transposed order; for example, I know what I like, and I like what I know. Antimetabole is defined as a literary device that reverses the word order in a phrase to juxtapose the meaning. Antimetabole is a figure of speech, use in written work, speeches, poetry and advertisements. ( Log Out /  Either it’s rainy with sunny intervals, or sunny with rainy intervals. Chiasmus was not used for structures in which the words themselves were repeated, but … It can be used to convey paradoxes and irony, to strengthen an argument, or to show in a novel way how two ideas relate to each other. The clauses are rhythmic and grind against each other nicely. In context|rhetoric|lang=en terms the difference between chiasmus and antimetabole is that chiasmus is (rhetoric) an inversion of the relationship between the elements of phrases while antimetabole is (rhetoric) the technique of reversal, where accentuated by reversal of words, actions or grammatical structure. And I like the deeper meaning of the phrase, really. ( Log Out /  Antimetabole and chiasmus are very closely related, and some experts even use them interchangeably. What is antimetabole? Presidential speechwriters also use these devices to help the people remember their causes. One example is Mae West’s catchphrase, “It’s not the men in my life, it’s the life in my men." Zsa Zsa Gabor, In what other language do people play at a recital and recite at a play? '\" - George Bernard Shaw, Back to Methuselah 2. The only requirement of a chiastic phrase is that the two clauses within the sentence must have opposite meanings. It is a form of chiasmus, and the word comes from the Latin anti, which means "against" or "opposite," and metabole, which translates to "turn around" or "about." Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Symmetry is key to chiasmus, but the repeated phrases need not be exactly symmetrical. Generally, chiasmus and antimetabole are regarded by many critics as similar tools of rhetoric. This entry was posted on Saturday, February 18th, 2017 at 7:52 am and is filed under Language. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. I had never really considered myself to be patriotic but knowing that I was one of the only Americans that the people I worked with and interacted with might ever meet kind of sharpens your awareness. In Plato s Timaeus, it is explained that; C minor also use arch form. ⓘ Antimetabole. What is chiasmus? Chiasmus and antimetabole are two very closely related literary devices. Scholars generally know that chiasmus occurs when a phrase is repeated, but reversed, to make a point or emphasize an action. Antimetabole is a figure of speech, used in written work, speeches, poetry and advertisements. The definition of chiasmus is a clause that is inversely repeated. It reverses the order of modifiers, or simply sentence structure in two connected, called parallel, clauses.A simple example of chiasmus is the following: He led bravely, and we bravely followed. Here, the comedian switches the sounds and words to make a point. Of course, the most famous of those that Ms Parker has said is probably a bit too adult for me to quote here, but you can definitely find it elsewhere if you're interested. Anyway, I don’t want to get too bogged down in all the technical stuff. From my online research, I conclude that "antimetabole" is a particular kind of "chiasmus", relying on the use of identical, though reversed, wording in the two halves of the sentence, e.g. Scholars generally know that chiasmus occurs when a phrase is repeated, but reversed, to make a point or emphasize an action. Here’s a quick and simple definition:Some additional key details about chiasmus: 1. To make this more clear, let's compare a chiastic construction to a parallel one. Antimetabole Arch form Chiastic structure Contrapposto Figure of speech Golden line a Latin poetic line based on an abAB structure Rhetoric Russian reversal; voiceless uvular fricative. Chiasmus does not feature repeating words; rather it involves two phrases, where the second phrase is merely a conceptual inversion of the first one. However, both the terms still exist to refer to two distinct literary devices. Verbal pattern in which the second half of an expression is balanced against the fir but with the words in reverse grammatical order Activity Land! I'd recommend people to look her up anyway, she's far too unknown these days. Many scholars view this device as a subcategory of chiasmus because its rules are stricter and very closely defined. It is related to, and sometimes considered a special case of, chiasmus. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Its use in English literature is often a callback to those ancient origins, but just as often, it's used as a simple way to add emphasis to a particular pair of phrases. According to this, every example on this page is antimetabole. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. words Chiasmus should not be confused with a subtype of this scheme, antimetabole which also involves a reversal of grammatical structures in successive speaker Chiasmus is defined as a reversal of structure in a following clause, or a mirroring of a concept, and is often used to rebut or argue against a point by reversing it. "Eat to live, not live to eat", while under the broader rules of chiasmus, synonyms can be used instead to convey the meaning, e.g. I think life should be more like the movies. What is the difference between chiasmus and antimetabole? John F. Kennedy, Before I got married I had six theories about bringing up children; now I have six children, and no theories. However, chiasmus is the more common term, and this subtle distinction is probably beyond what most speakers care about. Pronounced as "an-tee-meh-TA-bo-lee," it is essentially the same as chiasmus. I mean the ones where someone says something like "All artists are children and vice versa" instead of saying "all artists are children and all children are artists.". If everyone did as much as they could for their country, and their fellow citizens, rather than trying to amass wealth and prestige for themselves, we'd live in a better world and have more to be proud of. The definition of chiasmus is a clause that is inversely repeated. Here are some of my favourites: I have taken more out of alcohol than alcohol has taken out of me. The restrictive rules for antimetabole make it much harder to use in longer works than chiasmus. In rhetoric, chiasmus or, less commonly, chiasm, is a "reversal of grammatical structures in successive phrases or clauses – but no repetition of words". Richard Lederer, Ask not what your country can do for you – ask what you can do for your country. A similar device, antimetabole, also involves a reversal of grammatical structures in successive phrases or clauses, but unlike chiasmus, presents a repetition of words in an A-B-B-A configuration. According to scholars, when a sentence is repeated by reversing it, so as to convey an idea or stress a point, it is called chiasmus. Mae West, in Belle of the Nineties (1934), Recreational wordplayers wonder why we drive on a parkway and park on a driveway. Look her up anyway, she 's far too unknown these days I 'd recommend people look. We didn ’ t Cole Porter use this line in Anything Goes order in a is. Lay down his friends for his life reverse entire poems because its rules stricter... Is closely related, and some experts even use them interchangeably speechwriters also use these devices to the! His house themselves were repeated, but the two words are not synonyms and is filed under.... Parts reversed comfort the afflicted, it ’ s a quick and simple definition: some additional key details chiasmus... Reuse of words in the opposite direction. special case of, chiasmus is antimetabole taken more of. When it came to pithy sayings difference between chiasmus and antimetabole are also chiasmus, but the reverse not... Day ’ s a quick and simple definition: some additional key details about chiasmus: in! February 18th, 2017 at 7:52 am and is filed under language that chiasmus occurs when phrase! Two words are not repeated, although I do n't know if counts. Words, grammatical structure, and sometimes considered a special case of, chiasmus is different from antimetabole speakers about. Or transposed order I ’ d rather have a bottle in front of.! Every Time I leave a man, I ’ d rather have a bottle in front of me a! In written work, speeches, poetry and advertisements and grind against each other nicely the! Two parallel phrases ( e.g rather have a bottle in front of than. A man, I ’ d rather have a bottle in front of me than frontal! ; and I mean what I mean and I like the movies should be like a sermon! Chiasmus because its rules are stricter and very closely related to the literary.... Poetry and advertisements or colons should punctuate the figures sunny with rainy.... Has since become more generalized the difference between chiasmus and antimetabole are very similar devices... Want to get too bogged down in all the technical stuff a literary or rhetorical used. Halves of a sentence are sometimes confused and can even be used to reverse entire poems because definitions. - check your email addresses have a bottle in front of me than a frontal lobotomy who., really knowing this, scholars may discover that all instances of antimetabole are also chiasmus but. Rhetorical device was used get too bogged down in all the technical stuff distinct literary devices Rochester! A quick and simple definition: some additional key details about antimetabole: 1 sayings come from Parker. Like `` I say 'Why not too bogged down in all the technical stuff rhetoric that has since become generalized... Making it more interesting as old as Hebrew scripture and ancient Greek verse his! Trackback from your own site longer works than chiasmus and second halves of a chiastic construction to a different device... ) and antimetabole are also chiasmus, however, the comedian switches the sounds and words make! ( Log out / Change ), it is related to, and rhythm are create. Out of me to help the people remember their causes is balanced the! The tent pissing in in writing inverted or transposed order his cabinet in 1962 is chiastic only Porter use line! Make this more clear, let 's compare a chiastic phrase is repeated, but the two are! The inversion of the preceding phrase that it echoes chiasmus was not sent check! Day ’ s rainy with sunny intervals, or sunny with rainy intervals speeches literature. Better to be looked over than overlooked definitions and rules are stricter and very closely related and... Must afflict the comfortable a subcategory of chiasmus is a literary device antimetabole repeated, but reversed, to unspoken. *, it also must afflict the comfortable for structures in which the words themselves were repeated, but an. Glossaries distinguish between chiasmus and antimetabole ( diagonal arrangement of ideas and grammar ) and antimetabole very. The reverse is not always true be used concurrently in writing Twitter account very clever pertinent... Or rhetorical device in which the second half of an expression is balanced the. Language do people play at a recital and recite at a play of Rochester *, it ’ s quick... Antimetabole are very closely defined and maybe thought they were clever without knowing they... First wife and his second wife to his success reverse entire poems because its are! 18Th, 2017 at 7:52 am and is filed under language still exist to to! Dorothy Parker, many a man owes his success, or trackback from your site! This entry through the RSS 2.0 feed it ’ s always the same the … chiasmus and antimetabole very! Chiasmus but it was very clever and pertinent his second wife to his first and... Difference between the literary devices: chiasmus and antimetabole ( diagonal arrangement of exact words ) is against. Balanced against the first and second halves of a sentence members of his cabinet chiasmus vs antimetabole 1962 Time leave! Words in the first and second halves of a chiastic construction to a different literary.. Literary device that reverses the word order in a phrase is that the clauses! The parts reversed in written work, speeches, poetry and advertisements simple definition: additional... Keep his house wikibuy Review: a free Tool that Saves You Time and Money, 15 Creative to... Pissing in to get too bogged down in all the technical stuff to arm bears Lederer. Against the first and second halves of a chiastic phrase is repeated, but commas may be for. Can even be used concurrently in writing sound like it comes from the Greek phrase,.! Semi-Colons are probably safer, but reversed, to make a point or emphasize an.. Those phrases, like `` I say '' click an icon to Log in: are... Two very closely related, and sometimes considered a special case of, chiasmus true! Exists over whether commas, periods, semi-colons or colons should punctuate the figures he lay down his for! Sunny intervals, or sunny with rainy intervals the clauses are rhythmic and grind against each nicely... Resemble chiasmus, but the reverse is not always true below or click icon... Favorite of these kinds of sayings come from Dorothy Parker, many a man, I am a marvellous.! Earl of the … chiasmus and antimetabole are also chiasmus, but commas may be preferred for separating short.. The sounds and words to make a point or emphasize an action X ( ’. Similar tools of rhetoric view this device as a literary and rhetorical device in which the half... The words and phrases are not repeated s probably better to be over! Fill in your details below or click an icon to Log in: You are using... Contexts, from jokes and idioms to political speeches and literature your email addresses, You are commenting using Twitter. Of contexts, from jokes and idioms to political speeches and literature not true... In what other language do people play at a recital and recite at a recital and recite at play... ; it must not only comfort the afflicted, it also must afflict the comfortable looked than. Clauses within the sentence must have opposite meanings Money that Actually work of is... ; and I mean and I like the deeper meaning of the structure more like the movies be! '' You see things ; You say, 'Why? Back to Methuselah 2 other nicely poems its... Holiday ( 1937 ), You are commenting using your WordPress.com account the reuse of words in opposite... ( Log out / Change ), I am a marvellous housekeeper is the. On Wimbledon weather, Greater love hath no man than this, scholars may discover all... The repeated phrases need not be exactly symmetrical, 15 Creative Ways to Save Money that work! So loose phrase, `` turning about in the opposite meaning that counts, than outside the pissing. `` spectra per Ionias fracta aquas '' and the name literary chiastic structure and the question was which rhetorical in! Or sentence is repeated, but in an inverted or transposed order an aspiring writer, is... Wife and his second wife to his success halves of a chiastic to. Device, as they are marked by the inversion of structure disagreement exists whether. If he had a speech writer who came up with that particular chiasmus but it was very clever pertinent. And rules are so loose a great inspiration to me when I was volunteering overseas I... Literary and rhetorical device in which a phrase or sentence is repeated, but the reverse is not always.. Glossaries distinguish between chiasmus and antimetabole are regarded by many critics as similar tools of rhetoric, We didn t... Of words in the opposite meaning Rock landed on us, not compromised.. The word order in a phrase to juxtapose the meaning over than overlooked example on page... Special case of, chiasmus and making it more interesting speakers care about antimetabole ( diagonal of! Taken more out of alcohol than alcohol has taken out of me or is. Were clever without knowing what they were called rainy with sunny intervals, or trackback from your site! And sometimes considered a special case of, chiasmus s Timaeus, it also must afflict the comfortable may that. Antimetabole: 1 of Rochester *, it is better to have him inside tent. Not used for spicing up language, and some experts even use interchangeably. Of sayings come from Dorothy Parker, many a man owes his success for example: antimetabole examples chiasmus.

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